Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)


12 Months Ended
Dec. 28, 2023
Business Combination and Asset Acquisition [Abstract]  
Acquisition Acquisitions
The Company made acquisitions during fiscal 2023, fiscal 2022, and fiscal 2021 to expand its commercial surfaces business which are accounted for in accordance with ASC 805. The results of operations, financial position, and cash flows related to these acquisitions have been included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements since their respective acquisition dates. During fiscal 2023 and 2021, the Company recognized business acquisition and integration costs totaling $0.9 million and $3.4 million, respectively, in general and administrative expenses within the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income. Business acquisition and integration costs incurred during fiscal 2022 were immaterial.
As part of the Company’s continued expansion into commercial surfaces, the Company acquired a seller of commercial surfaces Salesmaster Associates, Inc. (“Salesmaster”) on June 7, 2023 (“acquisition date”). Total estimated consideration for the acquisition was $20.1 million, including $17.4 million of cash and contingent consideration with an estimated fair value of $2.8 million (refer to Note 7, “Fair Value Measurements” for additional information regarding the contingent consideration). The acquisition was accounted for in accordance with ASC 805, and, accordingly, Salesmaster’s results of operations, financial position, and cash flows have been consolidated in the Company’s consolidated financial statements since the date of acquisition. Net sales and net earnings for fiscal 2023 attributable to Salesmaster since the completion of the acquisition were immaterial. Results of operations would not be materially different as a result of the acquisition and therefore pro forma information is not presented. Salesmaster is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Spartan.
In accordance with ASC 805, the Company recorded the following assets and liabilities at their respective estimated acquisition date fair values: $12.1 million of net working capital consisting primarily of inventory and receivables, $6.0 million of lease right-of-use assets and fixed assets, $5.0 million of customer relationships, $2.5 million of goodwill, and $5.5 million of operating lease liabilities. The estimated fair value of the customer relationships was determined with assistance from a third-party valuation specialist using the multi-period excess earnings method and included significant assumptions such as the amount and timing of projected cash flows, growth rates, customer attrition rates, and discount rates, resulting in a Level 3 classification within the fair value hierarchy. The customer relationships will be amortized over an estimated useful life of 12 years.
The goodwill arising from the acquisition is primarily attributable to operational synergies and acceleration of growth strategies. The goodwill and intangible assets from the Salesmaster acquisition are fully deductible for U.S. federal and state tax purposes.
On June 4, 2021, the Company acquired 100% of Spartan, a seller of commercial surfaces company for total purchase consideration of $77.7 million. Total purchase consideration was comprised of the following components at their respective acquisition date fair values: $63.6 million cash, net of cash acquired, $9.1 million of contingent consideration, and $5.0 million of the Company’s common stock.
The contingent consideration represents the estimated fair value associated with potential earn-out payments to the seller of up to $18.0 million subject to Spartan’s achievement of certain financial performance targets in fiscal years 2021 through 2024. Of the total earn-out consideration, $9.0 million is related to the achievement of certain earnings margin targets, and $9.0 million is related to the achievement of certain annual gross profit targets. A portion of these earn-out opportunities is payable each year subject to achievement of the applicable performance targets for that year, with the maximum payout requiring that each of the individual annual targets are met. Refer to Note 7, “Fair Value Measurements” for additional information regarding the contingent consideration.
Other Sellers of Commercial Surfaces
During fiscal 2022, the Company acquired three small sellers of commercial surfaces for total consideration of $4.6 million, including $3.8 million of cash and $0.8 million of contingent earn-out consideration. The acquired assets and liabilities were recorded at their estimated fair values and were primarily comprised of $3.3 million of customer relationships with useful lives of 12 years.